Terpenes is the scientific word for the molecule building taste, smell and medicinal properties of our favorite Marijuana. These molecules belong to the class of hydrocarbons, they contribute to the plant’s equilibrium, roll predators away, attract pollinators and protect plants from heat. Essential oils are almost uniquely composed with terpenes, pine oils for instance, that allow cold and cough to be healed by bronchieactis, are built around Alpha-Pinene.
One must know that Cannabinoids (THC, THC-V, CDN, CBD..) do not carry taste nor smell. It is the terpenes that compose a major part of marijuana’s organoleptic properties. Briefly, more than a hundred different types of terpenes have been censed in Cannabis, without taking into consideration diverse variations, which offers infinite flavours and smells according to the chosen strain.
As an example, here is a selection of genetics provided by Sensi Seeds, in which you are able to retrieve the great terpenic families :
The Jamaican Pearl, mostly built by a terpene called « Limonene », has several characteristics : antidepressant, antioxidant, anti carcinogenic, antifungal and is used to regulate one’s body acidity.
Alpha-Pinene is what primarily compose the Skunk#1 strain. It is recognized for its bronchieactis, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory functions. This scent is particularly retrieved in pine resin. Moreover, the Alpha-Pinene is an enhancing factor for memory able to counter-balance THC’s negative effect usually impacting this capital ability.
With a spicy, peppery taste, the cannabis strain Black Domina is essentially composed by the terpene Beta-Carryophyllene. It provides a positive effect as an anti-inflammatory medicine and facilitates your intestinal transit. Equally, an analgesic and antifungal can be found in this terpene.
Finally, the California Indica and its terpene Myrcene that can be retrieved in a large majority of cannabis strains together with fruits, for instance, mango. Its properties are numerous and can be described as anti-carcenogenic, relaxing and antispasmodic. Furthermore, it acts synergistically with the THC molecules, which effect are thus increased. Also, rumors tend to say that eating mango before blazing weed will decuple the psychoactive effects because a focused concentration of Myrcenes can be found in the fruit.
As a conclusion, cannabis effects do not constrain to cannabinoids, but also to terpenes and the consumer’s physiological capacities. This is the reason why synthetics medicines containing THC, CBD, et cetera, do not bring similar global effects on your body in comparison to gross Cannabis.